SIBO stands for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) occurs when there is an abnormal increase in the overall bacterial population in the small intestine — particularly types of bacteria not commonly found in that part of the digestive tract. SIBO usually starts when your small intestine doesn't move food along the way it should. Bacteria grow and stick around too long. If the “good” bacteria that help you digest food can't keep up with the harmful bacteria, the “bad” germs can multiply too fast, leading to an imbalance. Most commonly, SIBO present with bloating and gas, which is often times foul smelling. It can also present with alternating constipation abdominal pain, food intolerances and nutritional deficiencies.
Researchers suspect SIBO is caused by a combination of decreased pancreatic enzymes, bile acids and gut motility.
Consequently, certain health conditions or lifestyle choices may increase your risk of developing SIBO:
Numerous other conditions are linked with increased SIBO risk, but more research is needed. These include Diabetes, connective tissue disorders such as scleroderma, hypothyroidism, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Parkinson’s disease and more.
There are three types of SIBO, and each produce its own specific gas. Namely, hydrogen, methane and most recently discovered, hydrogen sulfide.
A SIBO breath testing can help you determine if your symptoms are caused by treatable conditions like small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO).
Most traditional breath tests only check for Hydrogen and methane. The majority of GI practices use this method because they are financially invested in the equipment to detect these.
At Monmouth Digestive Health, in Tinton Falls, Eatontown, Long Branch area offers the most advanced breath SIBO test, call Trio-Smart which detects all three gases. Trio-smart is the only SIBO breath test that measures all the primary fermented gases produced in your gut: hydrogen, methane, and hydrogen sulfide. This allows the treatment, which usually involves certain antibiotics, to be customized to the patient. This is why many patients who have been treated by their doctors do not achieve a complete response.